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FIELD UPDATES - Iraq

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Situation Analysis

Following its seizure of Mosul and surrounding areas in June 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) instituted a pattern of sexual violence, slavery, abduction and human trafficking mainly targeting women and girls from minority communities, as a deliberate tactic of war to advance key strategic priorities. These strategic priorities include recruitment, fundraising (through the sale of women and girls in slave markets, the payment of ransoms by their families, and the transfer of women among groups); to enforce discipline and order through the punishment of dissenters or family members; and to advance their radical ideology. Ethnic and religious minorities the most targeted are the Yazidis and Turkmen Shiite. Sunni girls were also subject to forced marriages, particularly those who were affiliated to families with security force members. The Commission for Investigation and Gathering Evidence of the Kurdistan Regional Government, established in 2014, has to date (2019) recorded more than 1,000 cases of conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV). Civilians formerly held captive by ISIL in the Syrian Arab Republic, including survivors of CRSV, continued to return to Iraq throughout 2019. The Iraqi Presidency submitted a draft law on female Yazidi survivors in April 2019, calling for crimes committed against Yazidis to be considered as genocide and for the perpetrators to be held accountable. However, there are still no indictments for sexual violence committed by ISIL, only a a relief programme for Yazidi female survivors of ISIL was established in Iraq.

List of Projects

Iraq

Project Summary
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Iraq

Project Summary
Implementing agencies
Project duration

Goals

Documents

Iraq

Project Summary
Implementing agencies
Project duration

Goals

Documents

Iraq

Project Summary
Implementing agencies
Project duration

Goals

Documents

Iraq

Project Summary
Implementing agencies
Project duration

Goals

Documents

Joint Communiqué/Framework of Cooperation

Joint Communiqué between the Republic of Iraq and the United Nations on Prevention and Response to Conflict-Related Sexual Violence, signed in September 2016 

Activities from WPAs and UNCT

Supporting Survivors of Sexual Violence in War: A closer look at the work of a UN Senior Women Protection Officer